National pasture users’ Association of Kyrgyzstan “Kyrgyz Jayity” is a voluntary association of legal entities and a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the ability of pasture users, Pasture User Unions and Pasture Committees to effectively manage and use pasture resources.
Our Association shares with its members a vision that:
Strong Pasture Users Unions and Pasture Committees, supported by all stakeholders, are able to effectively manage pastures and support improved livelihoods for pasture users throughout the Kyrgyz Republic.
Enactment of the 2009 Law on Pastures was a milestone in pasture management in the Kyrgyz Republic. Since then, pasture users have created 454 Pasture User Unions (PUUs) with pasture users as members, each with an executive body, the Jaiyt Committee (JC). PUU members and JCs, with support from other stakeholders, have done a great deal of work to improve the condition of pastures, repair livestock driveways, bridges and other infrastructure, and have made the greatest efforts possible to solve other problems preventing the effective, efficient and equitable use of pasture resources.
Despite the successes, there are still a number of challenges. Although PUUs have been established as territorial self-government bodies and registered as legal entities with the relevant authorities, many PUUs face challenges with internal organizational structures and procedures, documentation and internal accountability, and capacities for effective performance of their functions. Many PUUs require access to information, methodological and technical support and assistance. Some people involved in PUUs and also some other stakeholders from local to national level have limited understanding of related legal issues or of the value of PUUs and the legal arrangements put in place by the 2009 Law. Some stakeholders at national and at local levels are not supportive of the PUU system. Conflicts over pasture use are common because of unclear boundaries and growing use of pastures by secondary users for purposes other than grazing. Such conflicts prevent effective management of pastures. More and more experience is being gained by various actors, such as government agencies and NGOs, who are supporting PUUs to develop. These actors also have needs for support and coordination, for example around pasture-related methodologies or access to information and coordination of activities.
In this context, in May 2013, an Association of Pasture Users was formed as a voluntary association of Pasture User Unions, and was originally registered as an oblast-level association. The need for a national level association was recognized, and in October 2013 the representatives of PUUs, rayon associations of PUUs (RAPUUs) and other government and non-government stakeholders from all oblasts in the Kyrgyz Republic met in Bishkek to discuss joining their efforts to protect the rights and promote the interests of PUUs. As a result, it was agreed to re-register the association of PUUs at national level and form National Association of Pasture Users of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Jaiyty (NAPUKKJ). NAPUKKJ was legally re-registered as a voluntary association of legal entities in August 2015, founded by six rayon associations of PUUs. There are now more than 400 members of the association, mostly PUUs as well as 26 RAPUUs. Many of these RAPUUs and PUUs were established in the years after enactment of the Law on Pastures. They have been working hard to support pasture users, coordinate with other stakeholders and address challenges to effective management of pastures. However, NAPUKKJ’s members still need further support in order to better perform their roles and achieve their goals.
The Articles of Association document a legal mandate covering many activities in support of NAPUKKJ’s goals and objectives, including activities to:
- promote effective management and use of pastures and pasture resources and infrastructures;
- assist in the establishment and capacity building of PUUs, RAPUUs and other stakeholders who are members of the Association;
- represent and protect the rights and legitimate interests of the Association’s members.
These are the main topics on which NAPUKKJ works. In relation to these topics, NAPUKKJ’s main functions as an organization are:
- to provide capacity building support
- to provide advisory services
- to generate, identify, disseminate and enable the use of information and knowledge related to PUUs’ interests and needs, and
- to provide platforms for coordination among our members and among other stakeholders in the sector.
Both members and non-members may benefit from these functions.
NAPUKKJ’s governing bodies are the General Meeting, the Board and the Audit Commission. The main official positions are the Chair of the Board and the Director-General, who leads NAPUKKJ’s Executive Body.
General Meeting: The General Meeting is NAPUKKJ’s highest decision-making body. It determines the strategy and priority areas of work, reviews previous work and makes other decisions. General Meetings are convened by NAPUKKJ’s Board at least once per year. Decisions are made by a simple majority vote of the members present.
Board: The Board supervises NAPUKKJ‘s activities in between General Meetings, making decisions within their mandate as indicated in the Articles of Association. The Board defines strategic objectives and policies, supervises and coordinates activities and reports on the activities to the General Meeting. The Board has 7 members, one from each oblast, who are elected from among the RAPUUs in the oblast for a term of 5 years with the right to be re-elected. The Board is led by the Chairman of the Board, who is also the official representative of NAPUKKJ, and who makes decisions within his mandate as indicated in the Articles of Association.
Executive Body: The Executive Body, led by the Director-General, implements the decisions of the General Meeting and the Board, and supports NAPUKKJ‘s day to day operation. The Director-General is elected by the Board. The Executive Body is entitled to employ staff in order to enable its effective functioning.
Audit Commission: The Audit Commission has 7 members, one from each oblast, who are elected by the General Meeting for a term of 5 years. Its function is to exercise control of NAPUKKJ’s financial activities, and it audits the annual financial statement and balance sheet.